Franzuskaya Bolonka Dog Breed Information, Images, Characteristics, Health

Basic Information - Franzuskaya Bolonka for Sale

Toy dog
Height Male:
22 - 27 cm8 - 11 inches
Height Female:
18 - 24 cm7 - 10 inches
Weight Male:
3 - 5 kg6 - 12 pounds
Weight Female:
2 - 5 kg4 - 12 pounds
Life Span:
12 - 16 Years
Litter Size:
1 - 3
Other Names:
Bolonka Zwetna, Russian Tsvetnaya Bolonka, , Russian Lapdogs
Colors Available:
curly, wavy
Affectionate, Alert, Friendly, Gentle, Intelligent, Loving, Playful, Quiet, Responsive, Social, Sweet
Low Maintenance
Kids Friendly:
New Owners Friendly:

History - Franzuskaya Bolonka for Sale

franzuskaya bolonkaThe Franzuskaya Bolonka in France is known as the Tsvetnaya Bolonka in Russia and in Germany as the Bolonka Zwetna. All of these translate to Colored Bolognese. It is known as the “Pride of Russia” and was rediscovered by the Russians following the thaw of the Cold War. It is also sometimes translated as a colored lapdog.

The Bolonka is a rare breed in the toy category with ancestors in the Bichon Friese line. This little dog looks very much like the national dog of Cuba – the Havanese. In addition to the Bichon other small dogs in this ancestral line include the Shih Tzu, Toy Poodle, and Pekingese as well as the French, Italian and German Bolonka. They are often confused with the Bolognese as both breeds appear in various countries and have many similarities.

In all countries the common name for this dog is the Bolonka. They have a variety of names and nick names depending on the country. In addition to being the “Pride of Russia” he is called a Russian colored Bichon, Czechs call it the Bareyny Bolonsky, the Germans since 1980 have called it the Bolonka Zwetna but the Nordic Kennel Union does not recognize the Zwenta only the Russian Twetnaya.

The French version is seen to be the original with its ancestry dating back to the 18th century when Russian nobles were presented with a Bolonka by Louis XIV of France, and others migrated with the army of Napoleon to Russia. They were still known as the Bolonka of France. Small dogs were not popular in Russia due to the need for dogs that could work on farms and/or hunt. Particularly during the Soviet years, they were considered unnecessary. No Bolonkas were imported to Russia during the Soviet regime, so only localized breeding took place. The goal of breeders in the Soviet Union was to develop a toy dog, lap sized with an apartment living temperament.

During the cold war the Russians sent a pair of breeding Franzuskaya Bolonka to East Germany and they began to develop the breed there as well. At the same time the colored versions of the Bolonka were being bred. The Franzuskaya Bolonka is recognized by the Verband Dur Das Deutsche Hundewesen (VDF) while the other colored breeds are not. The white Bolonka is not recognized by the Federation Cynoloqique Internationale as a breed separate from the Bolognese but as simply another version. Individual clubs throughout the world recognized one or more versions of the Bolonka. They are thought to be the rarest within the Bichon family.

Today’s Bolonka is owed by Prince William and Princess Kate, giving the breed more publicity than it has had in many years.

Description - Franzuskaya Bolonka for Sale

franzuskaya bolonka puppyThe Franzuskaya Bolonka is neither heavy boned nor fine boned. They are a toy breed with a moderate bone structure. The ears are neither long nor short and they have tails that touch the back at the tip. Like others in the Bichon family the Franzuskaya Bolonka does not shed. He is a sturdy little dog and the male has a distinct beard and moustache that the females of the breed do not. They have long coats that are wavy and curly. The Franzuskaya Bolonka is of course only white. The Russian version might be brown, red, black, wolf-gray, gray and of course white.

Health Problems - Franzuskaya Bolonka for Sale

The Franzuskaya Bolonka is susceptible to dental issues as well as

  1. Luxating Patella
  2. Can cause lameness and arthritis
  3. Hip Dysplasia
  4. Can cause lameness and arthritis
  5. Liver Shunts
  6. Serious and sometimes fatal bypassing of the liver by the circulatory system
  7. Thyroid Issues
  8. Difficult to diagnose but easy to treat with medication
  9. Corneal Abrasions

franzuskaya bolonka dogMedical issues are not fully documented because of the rarity of the breed and the years of isolation in the Soviet Union.

Caring The Pet - Franzuskaya Bolonka for Sale

Feeding the puppy

franzuskaya bolonka puppiesFeed at least 3 meals a day. Feed one fourth of a cup daily split into three meals of a high quality puppy food.

Feeding the adult

Feed at least 2 meals per day. Feed one half of a cup daily split into two meals of a high quality dry food.

Points for Good Health

Fairly healthy breed due to isolation during cold war

Games and Exercises

The Franzuskaya Bolonka is developed as a lap dog but that does not mean he doesn’t need daily exercise. He loves to play but play gently and not for any length of time. They like to chase balls, play hide and seek and any tricks you want to teach them.

Characteristics - Franzuskaya Bolonka for Sale

Children friendliness

franzuskaya bolonka dogsThe Bolonka is great with kids, just avoid too intense play.

Special talents

The Bolonka is a playful, lap dog with a lot of love to offer


Good adaptability great in the city in apartments and great in the country as well

Learning ability

They are very smart and love to learn. Being firm but beyond firm is also kind.

Comparison with other breeds

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  3. Franzuskaya Bolonka vs Golden Retriever - Breed Comparison
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  5. Franzuskaya Bolonka vs West Highland White Terrier - Breed Comparison
  6. Franzuskaya Bolonka vs French Bulldog - Breed Comparison
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  8. Franzuskaya Bolonka vs Yorkshire Terrier - Breed Comparison
  9. Franzuskaya Bolonka vs Poodle - Breed Comparison
  10. Franzuskaya Bolonka vs Rottweiler - Breed Comparison
  11. Franzuskaya Bolonka vs Boxer - Breed Comparison
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  15. Franzuskaya Bolonka vs American Bully - Breed Comparison
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  26. Franzuskaya Bolonka vs Aussie Poo - Breed Comparison
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  28. Franzuskaya Bolonka vs Ariegeois - Breed Comparison
  29. Franzuskaya Bolonka vs Anglo-Francais de Petite Venerie - Breed Comparison
  30. Franzuskaya Bolonka vs Aussie Doodles - Breed Comparison
  31. Franzuskaya Bolonka vs Austrailian Blue Heeler - Breed Comparison
  32. Franzuskaya Bolonka vs Australian Kelpie - Breed Comparison
  33. Franzuskaya Bolonka vs Australian Bulldog - Breed Comparison
  34. Franzuskaya Bolonka vs Australian Red Heeler - Breed Comparison
  35. Franzuskaya Bolonka vs Australian Cattle Dog - Breed Comparison
  36. Franzuskaya Bolonka vs Australian Shepherd - Breed Comparison
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  39. Franzuskaya Bolonka vs Alpine Dachsbracke - Breed Comparison
  40. Franzuskaya Bolonka vs American Bulldog - Breed Comparison
  41. Franzuskaya Bolonka vs Australian Collie - Breed Comparison
  42. Franzuskaya Bolonka vs Australian Silky Terrier - Breed Comparison
  43. Franzuskaya Bolonka vs Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog - Breed Comparison
  44. Franzuskaya Bolonka vs Antebellum Bulldog - Breed Comparison
  45. Franzuskaya Bolonka vs Australian Terrier - Breed Comparison
  46. Franzuskaya Bolonka vs American Cocker Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  47. Franzuskaya Bolonka vs American English Coonhound - Breed Comparison
  48. Franzuskaya Bolonka vs Austrian Black and Tan Hound - Breed Comparison
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