Brittany Dog Breed Information, Images, Characteristics, Health

Basic Information - Brittany for Sale

Gun dog
Height Male:
43 - 52 cm16 - 21 inches
Height Female:
40 - 50 cm15 - 20 inches
Weight Male:
14 - 20 kg30 - 45 pounds
Weight Female:
12 - 18 kg26 - 40 pounds
Life Span:
12 - 13 Years
Litter Size:
1 - 12
Other Names:
Brittany Spaniel Brittany Wiegref Epagneul Breton French Brittany
Colors Available:
tricolor, orange roan, liver roan, black roan
Flowing Medium length
Alert, Energetic, Friendly, Gentle, Intelligent, Loyal, Playful, Sweet
Low Maintenance
Kids Friendly:
New Owners Friendly:

History - Brittany for Sale

brittanyOne of the most intense bird dog breeds in existence is the Brittany, bred for hunt. The breed used to be called the Brittany Spaniel, but since the breed is closer to a setter or pointer, that moniker has been dropped. The Brittany is named for the French Province in which they were originally developed. Sometime from the 17th to the 19th centuries, the breed was developed. Images of a very similar dog can be found on 17th century paintings and tapestries. However, the first written description comes from 1850 by a Reverend Davies, describing a hunting episode. The breed was recognized officially in the early part of the 20th century and made a splash at the 1900 Paris Dog Show.

The first official standards were written in about 1907 and the breed was recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC) in 1934.The Brittany is expected to point to and then retrieve birds and other small ground game. Because the Brittany both points and retrieves they are known in the U.K. as a Hunt, Point and Retrieve breed or an HPR, and they have more Dual Champions than the rest of the AKC Sporting group.

There are actually two types of Brittanys in the minds of many breeders. There is the “French” Brittany and the “American” Brittany. When the breed arrived in the United States in 1931 they became immensely popular in a short period of time. In 1942 American Breeders began the American Brittany Club, rewriting the French standard to fit the dog they knew. Today there are definitely difference between the two sub-sets that can easily be seen. The French dog is smaller than the American dog. The American dog is a runner pacing ahead of the hunter while the French dog works more closely with their human companions. Another visible difference is that the French accept black spotted Brittanys, while in the United States a black spotted coat is considered a fault. Both sub-sets are known for their willingness to follow human directions, their eagerness for the hunt, and their agility and speed.

Unfortunately, the European wars took their toll on this breed as they did on many others. Following the second World War, their numbers in Europe were drastically reduced. The French had stop breeding them altogether during the war. It was in this depleted gene pool that the French agreed to accept the black spotted Brittany. Along with the U.S., Canada also does not recognize the black spotted Brittany.

Description - Brittany for Sale

brittany puppy - descriptionThe Brittany is much like other hunting dogs – pointers and retrievers – in size and stature. He is solid and strong but not heavy. He is compact with an average size head and floppy ears, docked tails or short natural tails, and expressively intelligent looking eyes. He is athletic, energetic, and alert. He has a long, elastic and free gait. The French dog is smaller and the dog with black spots is accepted. The American Brittany is larger and only a tri-color of orange, liver and white is acceptable.

Characteristics - Brittany for Sale

brittany dog - characteristicsThe Brittany is particularly trainable and friendly. They love to play and are sweet-natured. They don’t due well with harsh correction though and a stern look will cause them to wither. Socialize them young or they can become shy around strangers. They are loyal and family oriented. They can easily become attached to their humans.

Health Problems - Brittany for Sale

brittany puppies - health problemsThe breed is a hardy one and Brittanys are mostly healthy dogs. In Europe 1 in 5 dogs dies of old age and that age is usually 14 or 15 years. They do have a few issues that they may be susceptible to. These would include:

Ears – prone to infections

Hip Dysplasia – bones don’t fit well into joints

Epilepsy – mild or serious seizures are possible.

Hypothyroidism – Low levels of thyroid hormone

Canine Discoid Lupus Erythematosus – autoimmune disease

Caring The Pet - Brittany for Sale


brittany dogs - caringDon’t overfeed your Brittany. Keep him at hunting weight by feeding a half a cup up to 2 cups per day depending on the size of your dog and activity levels. Serve this in two meals not one.

Health issues

Ears – prone to infections – make sure that you check them and wipe them out routinely to prevent infections.

Hip Dysplasia – bones don’t fit well into joints – this can be genetic or otherwise, causing lameness and arthritis. If severe it can require surgery to correct.

Epilepsy – mild or serious seizures are possible. This can be genetic/hereditary but is set off by an infectious disease of the brain, head injury, poison, tumor, or metabolic disorder. There is no cure, but medication can be very effective.

Hypothyroidism – Low levels of thyroid hormone – can cause drooping eyelids, obesity, lethargy, mental difficulties or irregular heat cycles or all of this. Medication is available as it is for humans but must be taken daily for the rest of the dog’s life

Canine Discoid Lupus Erythematosus – autoimmune disease that is rare in dogs. Cats and humans can also have it. It is a skin disease and does not become the more serious and deadly Systemic Lupus. The Discoid version of this disease causes loss of pigmentation and a scaling on the nose which can then progress to the skin around the ears, eyes and genitals. There could be ulcerated lesions and tissue death in more severe cases. Sun exposure can make the condition worse.

Exercise and games

The Brittany is a hunting dog that acts like a pointer but will retrieve fowl and birds in the water or on land. If you don’t hunt, the Brittany can still be your family dog. They need lots of exercise and mental stimulation. They need a job if they are not going to hunt and expect them to be distracted by every bird they see. Try flyball, agility, FAST CAT, field trials and dock diving. They are very task oriented and have boundless energy. They excel at obedience and confirmation as well.

Comparison with other breeds

  1. Brittany vs English Bulldog - Breed Comparison
  2. Brittany vs German Shepherd - Breed Comparison
  3. Brittany vs Golden Retriever - Breed Comparison
  4. Brittany vs Labrador Retriever - Breed Comparison
  5. Brittany vs West Highland White Terrier - Breed Comparison
  6. Brittany vs French Bulldog - Breed Comparison
  7. Brittany vs Beagle - Breed Comparison
  8. Brittany vs Yorkshire Terrier - Breed Comparison
  9. Brittany vs Poodle - Breed Comparison
  10. Brittany vs Rottweiler - Breed Comparison
  11. Brittany vs Boxer - Breed Comparison
  12. Brittany vs English Pointer - Breed Comparison
  13. Brittany vs Siberian Husky - Breed Comparison
  14. Brittany vs Doberman Pinscher - Breed Comparison
  15. Brittany vs American Bully - Breed Comparison
  16. Brittany vs Abruzzenhund - Breed Comparison
  17. Brittany vs Affenpinscher - Breed Comparison
  18. Brittany vs Afghan Hound - Breed Comparison
  19. Brittany vs Aidi - Breed Comparison
  20. Brittany vs Airedale Terrier - Breed Comparison
  21. Brittany vs Akbash Dog - Breed Comparison
  22. Brittany vs Akita - Breed Comparison
  23. Brittany vs Africanis - Breed Comparison
  24. Brittany vs Askal - Breed Comparison
  25. Brittany vs Atlas Terrier - Breed Comparison
  26. Brittany vs Aussie Poo - Breed Comparison
  27. Brittany vs Artois Hound - Breed Comparison
  28. Brittany vs Ariegeois - Breed Comparison
  29. Brittany vs Anglo-Francais de Petite Venerie - Breed Comparison
  30. Brittany vs Aussie Doodles - Breed Comparison
  31. Brittany vs Austrailian Blue Heeler - Breed Comparison
  32. Brittany vs Australian Kelpie - Breed Comparison
  33. Brittany vs Australian Bulldog - Breed Comparison
  34. Brittany vs Australian Red Heeler - Breed Comparison
  35. Brittany vs Australian Cattle Dog - Breed Comparison
  36. Brittany vs Australian Shepherd - Breed Comparison
  37. Brittany vs Alano Espanol - Breed Comparison
  38. Brittany vs Alopekis - Breed Comparison
  39. Brittany vs Alpine Dachsbracke - Breed Comparison
  40. Brittany vs American Bulldog - Breed Comparison
  41. Brittany vs Australian Collie - Breed Comparison
  42. Brittany vs Australian Silky Terrier - Breed Comparison
  43. Brittany vs Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog - Breed Comparison
  44. Brittany vs Antebellum Bulldog - Breed Comparison
  45. Brittany vs Australian Terrier - Breed Comparison
  46. Brittany vs American Cocker Spaniel - Breed Comparison
  47. Brittany vs American English Coonhound - Breed Comparison
  48. Brittany vs Austrian Black and Tan Hound - Breed Comparison
  49. Brittany vs American Eskimo Dog - Breed Comparison
  50. Brittany vs Bakharwal Dog - Breed Comparison