Rat Terrier vs Australian Shepherd - Breed Comparison

Rat Terrier vs Australian ShepherdBoth Australian Shepherd and Rat Terrier are originated from United States. Australian Shepherd may grow 22 cm / 9 inches higher than Rat Terrier. Australian Shepherd may weigh 28 kg / 62 pounds more than Rat Terrier. Australian Shepherd may live 3 years less than Rat Terrier. Both Australian Shepherd and Rat Terrier has almost same litter size. Australian Shepherd requires Moderate Maintenance. But Rat Terrier requires Low Maintenance

Basic Information

Group:
Herding dogs
Terrier dog
undefined
United States
United States
Height Male:
51 - 58 cm
20 - 23 inches
20 - 36 cm
7 - 15 inches
Height Female:
46 - 56 cm
18 - 23 inches
20 - 36 cm
7 - 15 inches
Weight Male:
25 - 32 kg
55 - 71 pounds
3 - 4 kg
6 - 9 pounds
Weight Female:
16 - 30 kg
35 - 67 pounds
3 - 4 kg
6 - 9 pounds
Life Span:
13 - 15 Years
15 - 18 Years
Litter Size:
6 - 9
5 - 7
Size:
Medium
Small
Other Names:
Aussie
Rattie, American Rat Terrier
Colors Available:
Tri-colour - blue, blue merle, black and red merle, white markings
Mix of colors - mostly tri-colored - white, tan, black
Coat:
thick - medium length - straight to wavy
Single coat, short and smooth
Shedding:
Constant
Moderate, Seasonal
Temperament:
Affectionate, Alert, Cheerful, Courageous, Energetic, Friendly, Independent, Intelligent, Lively, Loving, Loyal, Outgoing, Playful, Protective, Responsive, Social
Affectionate, Alert, Cheerful, Curious, Energetic, Friendly, Independent, Intelligent, Lively, Loving, Loyal, Outgoing, Playful, Protective, Responsive, Social, Stubborn, Territorial
Grooming:
Moderate Maintenance
Low Maintenance
Trainability:
Easy
Easy
Hypoallergenic:
No
No
Kids Friendly:
Yes
Yes
New Owners Friendly:
No
Yes

History

australian shepherdThe Australian Shepherd, known fondly as ‘Aussies’, is actually an American breed, with the first official registry being in the 1950s. Basque Shepherds from Spain settled in Australia at the end of the 19th century, later moving to the United Stated with their dogs in tow. It is from these dogs that the breed originated. In the UK too, this breed of dog has many enthusiastic followers.

For many years, the Australian Shepherd has been recognized for their wonderful abilities as stock- or herding dogs, and today in Australia they continue to work as stock dogs and often take part in herding trials.

More recently, this working dog breed has been selectively bred to develop both Toy- and Miniature Aussies, and the American Stock Dog Registry actually recognizes 3 sizes today.The Australian Shepherd Club of America was also founded in 1957 to promote the breed.

rat terrierKnown also as the American Rat Terrier or even as the Rattie, this American dog breed is a farm dog, common on family farms during the 1920's and 1930's.

Miniatures or Standards, these dogs are also recognized by the American Kennel Clubs and thought of today as a multi-purpose companion dog.

He is an American dog breed, having come about from Fox Terriers, Old English White Terriers, Bull Terriers, Manchester Terriers and others. Whippets and Italian Greyhounds have also come into the mix to add speed as a characteristic.

The Rat Terrier started to decline in numbers, and by the 1950's the numbers of the dog were so low that breeders stepped in to restore numbers.

Description

Coat

australian shepherd puppySimilar in appearance to the Border Collie, the Australian Shepherd is a medium sized dog and has a medium length coat which is straight to wavy with a weather resistant undercoat. The range of coat colours is amazing, and you’ll find blue, blue merle, black and red merle and all of these are with or without tan points. The Australian Shepherd is a drop-eared breed where prick ears are sometimes seen. Some Aussies are born with naturally bobbed tails while most have full, long tails.

Different Eye Colour Combinations

There is variety in the eye colour too, and they are often heterochromatic, which means that they can have two different coloured eyes or the one eye can even be bi-coloured. Most times the eyes are brown, but they can be blue too.

rat terrier puppyThere are different sized Rat Terriers, but the mid-sized one stands roughly between 20 and 36cm in height and weighs between 3 and 4kg.

The single coat is short and smooth and comes in colors such as tan, grey, chocolate, black and in solid colors too such as white. They are mostly in tri-colors - white, tan, black. Ticking is also seen.

With his short coat he is seen as a low maintenance dog even though he is still a shedder, with heavier seasonal shedding.

The ears can sometimes be erect, otherwise they are half-erect, half floppy. The tail has always been traditionally docked, giving him a nice, distinctive look, but today the tail is often just left un-docked. It isn't unusual for a puppy to be born with a short or long tail.

Temperament:

Intelligent, wary, loyal, loving, playful but stubborn, your Rat Terrier is a little bit wary around strangers. Training and socialization can be good for this dog and help him t be obedient and well mannered in all situations. These dogs also want to please. He is an active dog too and makes a great playmate for children, getting on well with kids and other pets in the home.

Health Problems

australian shepherd dogAussies are a healthy breed and won’t cost you a fortune at the vet. However, like every other breed, they are also prone to certain health conditions such as cancer. When choosing a puppy, always look for a good, reputable breeder who can show you health clearances.

We look at some common health ailments to be alert about

Hip Dysplasia

This is a dog ailment that can be inherited. It is where the femur doesn't fit properly into the pelvic socket of the hip joint. Also, as the dog ages, arthritis can develop.

Epilepsy

Epilepsy an hereditary disorder where the seizures your dog gets can be treated and controlled.

Osteochondrosis Dissecans, commonly known as OCD is an orthopedic condition which comes about because of improper growth of cartilage in the joints. It can cause painful stiffening of the elbow joint for instance.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy or PRA is a degenerative eye disorder that can finally lead to blindness. Reputable Aussie dog breeders have their dogs' eyes certified regularly by a veterinary ophthalmologist.

Your Aussie Puppy Needs Vaccinations

Your newborn Australian Shepherd may well be strong and healthy, but he isn’t immune from life-threatening illnesses. Vaccinations are imperative for your Aussie puppy, with vets usually recommending that puppies be vaccinated for the first time from 6 to 8 weeks of age.

These vaccinations will include the 5-in-one and includes Parvovirus, Distemper, Hepatitis and Parainfluenza. Later on the puppy will get his first rabies shot and he will also require booster vaccinations.

rat terrier dogRat Terriers are generally feisty, healthy dogs who, with good care, can live to the ripe old age of 16, 17 or 18 years of age.

Just like with many other dogs, he can develop some of the more common dog illnesses there are. If you're opting for a puppy, find a good, reputable breeder.

Allergies:

It can be tricky trying to decide what kind of allergies are causing such problems with your pet. A skin allergy can cause a lot of itchiness and pain for your canine friend and he will bite and lick on the affected spots and make the situation worse. You will need to get him to the vet for some kind of treatment, as such an ailment can drive him mad.

Patellar Luxation:

This is a common problem in dogs, with the kneecap or patella being dislocated. It can cause a lot of pain and can be crippling for your dog.

Caring The Pet

General Grooming

australian shepherd puppiesWith his medium length coat, the Australian Shepherd sheds. In fact this particular breed sheds his hair the entire year round, but you’ll notice that with the arrival of Spring, he sheds more as this is when he is losing his Winter coat. You will most certainly need to brush his coat at least 2x a week to get rid of all those tufts of hair and to also prevent matting.

Feeding

A puppy will need 4 bowls of vet-recommended food a day. How much your adult Australian Shepherd gets will depend on his age, size and activity levels.The quality of food you buy will make a difference as it will keep your Aussie in good shape. Remember to include raw or cooked meat into his diet once a week or so. For more on feeding your Aussie, speak to your vet. Always ensure a constant source of fresh, cool water.

Training and Socialization

The Australian Shepherd is a strong willed dog, used to playing the dominant role with the herding of livestock. He’ll need firm training and socialization if you want to make him an amicable family pet.

Like many herding dogs, Australian Shepherds are loyal to their family and don’t easily take to strangers. Aussies make awesome companions for families with kids who have been taught how to treat dogs and other pets with kindness and gentleness. Just like a dog needs socialization, a child needs to respect a sleeping, feeding dog and to leave him in peace.

Diet:

rat terrier puppiesYour Rat Terrier can easily reach 16, 17 or 18 years of age with good food. While you do get some excellent commercially manufactured dog foods, you want to add variety by including some nutritious home-made food too.

Boiled chicken, brown rice or pasta and spinach, sweet potatoes and carrots are a healthy choice for your pet. Chop it up and add it into the dry kibble a couple of times a week.No complications - just plain and simple - the way dogs love it.

Some raw meat added in from time to time will help his skin and coat remain healthy. Never leave him without a constant source of fresh, cool water.

Exercise:

The Rat Terrier is an active dog. He just loves to dig too, so if you live close to a beach, he will love running and digging in the sand. If this isn’t possible, he will be happy to be taken on walks with you and maybe for a run in the park.

He loves all ball games and running after a frisbee, and he’s so clever, maybe you can even teach him to fetch the frisbee for you.

Grooming:

The Rat Terrier is a low-maintenance dog and only requires having his coat brushed twice a week.

Check inside his mouth for bad teeth. You can even brush his teeth with special canine toothpaste and brush to remove tartar buildup.

Keep his nails trimmed too if he doesn’t wear them down naturally so as to prevent them hooking on things and ripping into the flesh.

Check inside your dog’s ears too. If you’re not experienced with trimming dog nails or cleaning inside dog’s ears, your vet or professional groomer will do it for you.

During these grooming sessions with your Rat Terrier, check for fleas and ticks as well as for any sores or new lumps. Also, his eyes should be clear and bright with no discharge or redness.

Characteristics

australian shepherd dogsThe Australian Shepherd is an intelligent dog, learning quickly. As a herding dog, he also has strong guarding instincts and will make a good watch dog. The dog has a balanced, even disposition, and even though he may show some reserve, he is certainly not a shy dog and isn’t aggressive.

He Craves Human Companionship

Your Aussie is a kind, loving, and devoted pet. He loves his human family and wants to spend lots of time with them. Don’t leave him without human companionship as he craves it and forms strong bonds with his family. Provide him with good care and with lots of fun and games and you’ve got an exceptional friend for life.

rat terrier dogsThe Rat Terrier is such a clever, bright dog. These characteristics make him an excellent watchdog with strong jaws for his role of getting rid of rats on farms.

Even though he is a small dog, he isn’t particularly suited to life in the city on a small property as he has quite a shrill bark.

Because of him being small to medium in size, he is well suited to many homes, but you just have to watch out in the city if you live close to your neighbors as he is fairly noisy and active.

He would love a large property where he can just be himself. Provide him with the right home, and you’l have a friend for life.

Comparison with other breeds

  1. Rat Terrier vs English Bulldog - Breed Comparison
  2. Rat Terrier vs German Shepherd - Breed Comparison
  3. Rat Terrier vs Golden Retriever - Breed Comparison
  4. Rat Terrier vs Labrador Retriever - Breed Comparison
  5. Rat Terrier vs West Highland White Terrier - Breed Comparison
  6. Rat Terrier vs French Bulldog - Breed Comparison
  7. Rat Terrier vs Beagle - Breed Comparison
  8. Rat Terrier vs Yorkshire Terrier - Breed Comparison
  9. Rat Terrier vs Poodle - Breed Comparison
  10. Rat Terrier vs Rottweiler - Breed Comparison
  11. Rat Terrier vs Boxer - Breed Comparison
  12. Rat Terrier vs English Pointer - Breed Comparison
  13. Rat Terrier vs Siberian Husky - Breed Comparison
  14. Rat Terrier vs Doberman Pinscher - Breed Comparison
  15. Rat Terrier vs American Bully - Breed Comparison
  16. Rat Terrier vs Abruzzenhund - Breed Comparison
  17. Rat Terrier vs Affenpinscher - Breed Comparison
  18. Rat Terrier vs Afghan Hound - Breed Comparison
  19. Rat Terrier vs Aidi - Breed Comparison
  20. Rat Terrier vs Airedale Terrier - Breed Comparison
  21. Rat Terrier vs Akbash Dog - Breed Comparison
  22. Rat Terrier vs Akita - Breed Comparison
  23. Rat Terrier vs Africanis - Breed Comparison
  24. Rat Terrier vs Askal - Breed Comparison
  25. Rat Terrier vs Atlas Terrier - Breed Comparison
  26. Australian Shepherd vs English Bulldog - Breed Comparison
  27. Australian Shepherd vs German Shepherd - Breed Comparison
  28. Australian Shepherd vs Golden Retriever - Breed Comparison
  29. Australian Shepherd vs Labrador Retriever - Breed Comparison
  30. Australian Shepherd vs West Highland White Terrier - Breed Comparison
  31. Australian Shepherd vs French Bulldog - Breed Comparison
  32. Australian Shepherd vs Beagle - Breed Comparison
  33. Australian Shepherd vs Yorkshire Terrier - Breed Comparison
  34. Australian Shepherd vs Poodle - Breed Comparison
  35. Australian Shepherd vs Rottweiler - Breed Comparison
  36. Australian Shepherd vs Boxer - Breed Comparison
  37. Australian Shepherd vs English Pointer - Breed Comparison
  38. Australian Shepherd vs Siberian Husky - Breed Comparison
  39. Australian Shepherd vs Doberman Pinscher - Breed Comparison
  40. Australian Shepherd vs American Bully - Breed Comparison
  41. Australian Shepherd vs Abruzzenhund - Breed Comparison
  42. Australian Shepherd vs Affenpinscher - Breed Comparison
  43. Australian Shepherd vs Afghan Hound - Breed Comparison
  44. Australian Shepherd vs Aidi - Breed Comparison
  45. Australian Shepherd vs Airedale Terrier - Breed Comparison
  46. Australian Shepherd vs Akbash Dog - Breed Comparison
  47. Australian Shepherd vs Akita - Breed Comparison
  48. Australian Shepherd vs Africanis - Breed Comparison
  49. Australian Shepherd vs Askal - Breed Comparison
  50. Australian Shepherd vs Atlas Terrier - Breed Comparison