Border Terrier vs American Eskimo Dog - Breed Comparison

Border Terrier vs American Eskimo DogAmerican Eskimo Dog is originated from United States but Border Terrier is originated from United Kingdom. American Eskimo Dog may grow 8 cm / 4 inches higher than Border Terrier. American Eskimo Dog may weigh 9 kg / 20 pounds more than Border Terrier. Both American Eskimo Dog and Border Terrier has same life span. American Eskimo Dog may have less litter size than Border Terrier. American Eskimo Dog requires High Maintenance. But Border Terrier requires Moderate Maintenance

Basic Information

Group:
Herding dogs
Terrier dog
undefined
United States
United Kingdom
Height Male:
23 - 48 cm
9 - 19 inches
33 - 40 cm
12 - 16 inches
Height Female:
23 - 40 cm
9 - 16 inches
28 - 36 cm
11 - 15 inches
Weight Male:
4 - 16 kg
8 - 36 pounds
5 - 7 kg
11 - 16 pounds
Weight Female:
3 - 12 kg
6 - 27 pounds
5 - 7 kg
11 - 16 pounds
Life Span:
13 - 15 Years
12 - 15 Years
Litter Size:
1 - 5
2 - 8
Size:
Small
Small
Other Names:
, Spitz
Russian Bear Schnauzer, Munich Schnauzer, Munchener, Riesenschnauzer
Colors Available:
White with cream or biscuit markings
Tan and black, red or dark grey. Sometimes Grizzle - dark tipped hairs and overlay of color
Coat:
Heavy, thick, double
Short, dense and springy
Shedding:
Moderate
Minimal
Temperament:
Affectionate, Alert, Courageous, Energetic, Friendly, Independent, Intelligent, Lively, Loving, Loyal, Outgoing, Playful, Protective, Stubborn
Affectionate, Alert, Cheerful, Curious, Energetic, Friendly, Independent, Intelligent, Lively, Loving, Loyal, Outgoing, Playful, Responsive, Social, Territorial
Grooming:
High Maintenance
Moderate Maintenance
Trainability:
Easy
Easy
Hypoallergenic:
No
Yes
Kids Friendly:
Yes
Yes
New Owners Friendly:
Yes
Yes

History

american eskimo dogThe American Eskimo is derived from the Nordic Spitz breed and most closely related to the German Spitz in particular. There were many German Spitzes in the United States at the time of the second World War and anti-German sentiment caused its name to change to the American Eskimo Dog. However, as the breed developed over time in the States, the American Eskimo became its own separate breed. In addition to the German Spitz, the American Eskimo is also related to the white Keeshond, the Samoyed, the white Italian Spitz and the white Pomeranian. The history is beginning to show that the Spitzes that were brought to the US in the early 1900’s was white. This color was not popular in Europe but was quickly the favorite in the United States. They were originally working dogs on farms and ranches. They have excellent herding instincts, make goo watch and guard dogs, and good law enforcement sniff dogs. However, their first introduction to the American public was through the Cooper Brothers’ Railroad Circus and Stout’s Pal Pierre at the Barnum and Baily Circus. Eskimo puppies were sold after the circus show.

It was then that the breed became one of America’s favorite breeds and they quickly became house pets. Following World War II, Japan exported the Japanese Spitz into America and it was crossed with the Eskimo also. The American Eskimo Dog breed was not recognized by AKC until 1985. Still in 1958 there was no official breed club in the States but there were growing numbers of the dogs. It was not until 1970 did the National American Eskimo Dog Association (NAEDA) come into being. They collected the pedigrees of the first 1750 dogs to be AKC registered.

Since the American Eskimo Dog is not recognized internationally, those wishing to participate in international competition such as England’s prestigious Cruft’s Dog Show must register their dogs a German Spitz. Despite this the American Eskimo and German Spitz remain two very different breeds.

border terrierAs a working dog, the Border Terrier comes from the border country between England and Scotland. To be more specific, the dog originates from the rough hill country in the areas on both sides of the border between England and Scotland – an area known as 'The Border Country'. The breed was developed by the farmers, using the Terriers to help contain the fox population.

It is believed that they are related to other kinds of terriers which also came from this region such as the Bedlington- and Dandie Dinmont Terriers. The first Border Terrier was registered in 1913 with the British Kennel Club. Later, the Border Terrier Club was also formed. A club for these dogs was also registered in the United States in 1930.

Description

american eskimo dog puppyThis small to medium dog is beautiful and resembles a miniature Samoyed. There are three sizes of American Eskimo – the standard, miniature, and the toy. The Eskimo’s head is wedge shaped with tall, triangular, erect ears. It has a heavily plumed tail with a sharp curl over the back. The Eskimo can burst into bold action due to their good legs and feet.

The coat is a double one with a harsh outer coat and plush inner one. The coat is always white or white with cream or biscuit markings, and visible skin in gray or pink. The American Eskimo’s ruff or mane is very heavy, and the nose, eyelids, pads and gums are black. They have dark eyes and blue are not allowed.

border terrier puppyThe Border Terrier is a small to medium sized dog, weighing roughly between 5- and 7kg and standing at anything between 28 and 40cm in height. With his dark brown eyes and keen, alert expression, and with ears dropping forward, people describe the head as being like that of an otter. He is a courageous worker and a loyal companion but some people may not take kindly to him wanting to dig under-, or climb over barriers to get out to follow a scent or to go exploring.

The Border Terrier is a rough coated dogs of medium size with narrow build. The dog’s height is slightly greater than the dog’s length. The coat can be tan and black or dark grey. Sometimes the coat is described as grizzle - dark tipped hairs which give an overlay of color to the tan or red coat. You can also possibly find some white on the muzzle or chest. He has a double coat, with the outer coat being short, dense and wiry. The tail is of medium length and the ears drop forward toward their cheeks.

Health Problems

american eskimo dog dogThe American Eskimo Dog is prone to hip dysplasia. Their eyes and tear ducts are potential issues with progressive retinal atrophy. They are allergic to fleas and have a tendency to be overweight.

We deal with PRA (Progressive Retinal Atrophy in greater detain in a following section but it is not as destructive as it used to be. It is much more treatable now.

There are potentially some dental issues that soem American Eskimo Dogs are prone to.

border terrier dogBorder Terriers are a healthy breed and with good food and plenty of love and attention, they can reach 14 years of age. It is to be noted with this dog breed that he doesn’t show signs of pain or sickness easily so you want to watch him closely.

Canine Epileptoid Cramping Syndrome - This is a disease which can be evident from 7 months of age already. The disease was once known as Spike's Disease, and its an hereditary disease of Border Terrier dogs. The cause of the disease is unknown but it is similar to canine epilepsy. It is thought that a contributing factor can be gluten, so a gluten-free diet will be recommended.

Heart defects can also affect Border Terriers, one of which is pulmonic stenosis. This is a narrowing of the valve which separates the right chamber of the heart from the lungs. It can ultimately lead to arrhythmia to congestive heart failure. He’ll have difficulty with breathing, suffer from abdominal distension and won’t be able to exercise properly.

Caring The Pet

Feeding

american eskimo dog puppiesYour American Eskimo Dog needs a high quality food so they will not get overweight. Make sure you know how much is appropriate for your particular dog and her specific age. The puppies should be fed twice a day but adults only once.

Health issues

As previously mentioned the American Eskimo Dog is prone to eye issue such as Progressive Retinal Atrophy or (PRA) – this disease is inherited and used to cause blindness as the rods in the retina died. New medical discoveries mean this is no longer a hopeless disease. Their eyes are also susceptible to other issues so make sure you check them and the tear ducts regularly.

Like so many other breeds the American Eskimo is also susceptible to hip dysplasia and a moving patella in the knee. For this reason watch their weight. They can also be very allergic.

Exercise and games

This small dog has more energy than his size can handle. He needs a lot of exercise and a place to run. If he will become hyperactive and destructive. They are prone to disturbing behaviors such as spinning (spinning in circles) when they don’t get enough exercise. The American Eskimo Dog is smart and agile, Play games like catch or agility. They are also great at herding, competitive obedience or detection.

Grooming

border terrier puppiesBecause the topcoat of the Border Terrier is dense and harsh with a thick undercoat, he will require moderate grooming. He doesn’t shed too much. Brush your Border Terrier twice a week to remove dead hair and keep your dog’s coat healthy. As part of his grooming, keep his nails clipped as well as his teeth checked and brushed at least twice a week. Make use of specialized dog toothpaste and brush.

Diet

The Border Terrier can quickly put on weight so it is important to feed him according to the instructions on the packaging if you’re going to be feeding him with commercially manufactured dog food. Make sure its a quality brand and one which caters for his energy requirements.Dogs are individuals, and they don’t all eat the same amount. As a responsible dog owner, it is up to you to monitor your pet and understand his unique requirements.

Characteristics

american eskimo dog dogsThe Eskimo is affectionate, playful and love children of all ages. They are intelligent and want to please you. They can be trained easily and are champions of the obedience trial. They are fun and confident. At the same time, they need a confident pack leader. He is prone to Little Dog Syndrome where the dog thinks they oversee the home and display all sorts of behaviors. Under these circumstances the American Eskimo can become obsessive, aggressive, and engaging in obsessive resource guarding and barking.

border terrier dogsA Border Terrier is a dog that has to be part of the family. You can’t just stick him in your back yard as he will just pine away with unhappiness. Boredom and loneliness will cause him to bark and he has a loud bark. He’ll become destructive – characteristics that aren’t his fault because he didn’t ask to be bought and just stuck away.

Train and socialize your Border Terrier so that he becomes the great dog he is intended to be. He gets on well will children who have been taught to be kind to animals and he will get along with other pets in the home. The Border Terrier is an affectionate, sensitive dog and once trained he is willing to obey your commands.

The Border Terrier isn’t the greatest guard dog but is best known for his loving, devoted and loyal nature. He loves his food, and if you feed him well, provide him with a warm, dry place to sleep and provide him with lots of attention and exercise, you’ll have the most devoted and loving friend for life.

Comparison with other breeds

  1. American Eskimo Dog vs English Bulldog - Breed Comparison
  2. American Eskimo Dog vs German Shepherd - Breed Comparison
  3. American Eskimo Dog vs Golden Retriever - Breed Comparison
  4. American Eskimo Dog vs Labrador Retriever - Breed Comparison
  5. American Eskimo Dog vs West Highland White Terrier - Breed Comparison
  6. American Eskimo Dog vs French Bulldog - Breed Comparison
  7. American Eskimo Dog vs Beagle - Breed Comparison
  8. American Eskimo Dog vs Yorkshire Terrier - Breed Comparison
  9. American Eskimo Dog vs Poodle - Breed Comparison
  10. American Eskimo Dog vs Rottweiler - Breed Comparison
  11. American Eskimo Dog vs Boxer - Breed Comparison
  12. American Eskimo Dog vs English Pointer - Breed Comparison
  13. American Eskimo Dog vs Siberian Husky - Breed Comparison
  14. American Eskimo Dog vs Doberman Pinscher - Breed Comparison
  15. American Eskimo Dog vs American Bully - Breed Comparison
  16. American Eskimo Dog vs Abruzzenhund - Breed Comparison
  17. American Eskimo Dog vs Affenpinscher - Breed Comparison
  18. American Eskimo Dog vs Afghan Hound - Breed Comparison
  19. American Eskimo Dog vs Aidi - Breed Comparison
  20. American Eskimo Dog vs Airedale Terrier - Breed Comparison
  21. American Eskimo Dog vs Akbash Dog - Breed Comparison
  22. American Eskimo Dog vs Akita - Breed Comparison
  23. American Eskimo Dog vs Africanis - Breed Comparison
  24. American Eskimo Dog vs Askal - Breed Comparison
  25. American Eskimo Dog vs Atlas Terrier - Breed Comparison
  26. Border Terrier vs English Bulldog - Breed Comparison
  27. Border Terrier vs German Shepherd - Breed Comparison
  28. Border Terrier vs Golden Retriever - Breed Comparison
  29. Border Terrier vs Labrador Retriever - Breed Comparison
  30. Border Terrier vs West Highland White Terrier - Breed Comparison
  31. Border Terrier vs French Bulldog - Breed Comparison
  32. Border Terrier vs Beagle - Breed Comparison
  33. Border Terrier vs Yorkshire Terrier - Breed Comparison
  34. Border Terrier vs Poodle - Breed Comparison
  35. Border Terrier vs Rottweiler - Breed Comparison
  36. Border Terrier vs Boxer - Breed Comparison
  37. Border Terrier vs English Pointer - Breed Comparison
  38. Border Terrier vs Siberian Husky - Breed Comparison
  39. Border Terrier vs Doberman Pinscher - Breed Comparison
  40. Border Terrier vs American Bully - Breed Comparison
  41. Border Terrier vs Abruzzenhund - Breed Comparison
  42. Border Terrier vs Affenpinscher - Breed Comparison
  43. Border Terrier vs Afghan Hound - Breed Comparison
  44. Border Terrier vs Aidi - Breed Comparison
  45. Border Terrier vs Airedale Terrier - Breed Comparison
  46. Border Terrier vs Akbash Dog - Breed Comparison
  47. Border Terrier vs Akita - Breed Comparison
  48. Border Terrier vs Africanis - Breed Comparison
  49. Border Terrier vs Askal - Breed Comparison
  50. Border Terrier vs Atlas Terrier - Breed Comparison